Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is one of the most important statesmen of the twentieth century. He was an outstanding military officer of the Ottoman Empire, he became the leader of a national war of independence and then the builder of a war-torn country into a new, modern state. He drew a path for national independence for nations under foreign encroachment. He aimed at his country's attaining the standards of contemporary civilization, which he idealized as a true progress for humanity. His conviction in this secular ideal for human progress guided his deeds and his doings in the making of the modern Turkish nation. His biography is thus written and read along with the history of the emergence of the Republic of Turkey.