Logic is the language for reasoning and attempts to explain in a systematic way. Logic, like philosophy, seeks to find the truth of our conceptions. Aristotle's "The Organon" establishes rules to distinguish valid and invalid arguments. His foundation on logic is the basic syllogism.
The conclusion of the syllogism is reduced from the premises in deductive arguments. Inductive reasoning cannot guarantee this truth. Propositional logic concerns itself with true or false sentences. Predicate logic goes deeper with inference rules. The advance of science demands new systems of thought. Bacon challenges the orthodoxy of Aristotle's logic.
Film Duration: 42 min